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Golden Ring history. Trip to Golden ring. Tour to the cities of Russia. Trip to Russia. Legendary tour.

Golden ring history.

THE GOLDEN RING OF RUSSIA

GOLDEN RING HISTORY


The Golden Ring's main towns began as outposts of the Kyivan (Kievan) Rus state and grew as people moved north as Kiev (Kiev in Russian) declined. At the start of the 12th century, Prince Vladimir Monomakh of Kiev founded a fort at Vladimir and gave the Rostov - Suzdal principality in which it lay to his son Yuri Dolgoruky. Yuri made Suzdal his capital but concentrated his energies down south, eventually winning the title of Grand Prince of Kiev and installing himself there. He still took the precaution of fortifying the settlements of Pereslavl-Zaiessky and Kostroma in his original territory, along with a small western outpost called Moscow.
 

After Yuri died in 1157, his son and successor, Andrey Bogolyubsky, spurned the chance of establishing himself in Kiev and moved back to the more secure northern territories. Andrey based himself at Vladimir, which became the effective cap-ital of Russia in 1169 when Andrey sacked Kiev, taking the Grand Prince title north. Under these princes and their successors, Suzdal grew rich as a commercial center and Vladimir sprouted cathedrals, monasteries and massive city walls. Rostov, Yaroslavl and other centuries later split off as separate principalities.
 

In 1237, darkness fell as the Tatars invaded Russia, sacking and burning every-thing. But having made their point, they were mostly content to rule and collect taxes through local princes, which they did for the next 250 years. The region again prospered under Andrey's nephew Yaroslav, and his son Alexander Nevsky of Novgorod. But Moscow, given independence by Alexander Nevsky in 1252, grew in influence as an intermediary between the Tatars and the other Russian princes. Moscow absorbed Pereslavl-Zaiessky, Vladimir and Suzdal in the 14th century; the headquarters of the Russian Orthodox Church was transferred there from Vladimir in the 1320s; and by the end of the 15th century the entire region was part of Moscow, the Moscow state.

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PAGES OF THE PICTURE ALBUM

 

 
 

 

About Golden ring

Golden ring history

Architecture and art

Tour to the Golden Ring
 

Golden Ring pictures
 

 

 

Hotel in sites of the Golden ring
 

 

 

Bogolyubovo

Ivanovo

Kostroma

Moscow

Pereslavl - Zalessky

Rostov

Sergiev - Posad

Suzdal

Vladimir

Yaroslavl
 

Russia in numbers and facts

Russians

Religious creeds in Russia

Folk craft

Stereotypes and symbols of Russia

 

Trip to St. Petersburg 

Trip to Moscow 

Trip to Golden Ring

 

General information, route, train,
       schedulers, train tickets

 

Trip to Yekaterinburg

What is Siberia?

Trip to Novosibirsk

Trip to Altay

Trip to Krasnoyarsk

Trip to Tuva Republik

Trip to Lake Baikal and Irkutsk

Trip to Buryat Republik

 

Trip to Khabarovsky Kray

Trip to Vladivostok

Trip to Sakhalin islands

Trip to Kuril islands

Trip to Kamchatka

 

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Ticket booking

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Russia visa support service
 

Other services

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