THE REGIONS OF MONGOLIA
SIGHTS OF INTEREST IN MONGOLIA
Zaisan Memorial is a memorial in the southern area of the Mongolian
capital of Ulaanbaatar that honors allied Mongolian and Soviet soldiers killed
in World War II. Located on a hill in the southern part of the city, the
memorial features a circular memorial painting that depicts scenes of friendship
between the people of the USSR and Mongolia. The mural depicts scenes such as
Soviet support for Mongolia's independence declaration in 1921, the defeat of
the Japanese Kwantung Army by the Soviets at Khalhkin Gol on the Mongolian
border in 1939, victory over Nazi Germany and peacetime achievements such as
Soviet space flights including the flight of Soyuz 39 which carried the first
Mongolian into space, Jugderdemidiin
After driving to the uppermost parking lot on the hill, visitors must make a
climb of three hundred steps before reaching the monument and mural. (612 steps,
if they start at the base of the hill.) Those who make the climb are rewarded
with a panoramic view of the entire city of Ulaanbaatar in the valley below, as
well as the Tuul River flowing past the city.
In 2003, a tank memorial, which previously had been located on a crossroads
between Zaisan and the city center, was moved to the foot of the hill. It
features a Soviet tank from a brigade paid for by the Mongolian people. The tank
memorial includes a map showing the route the brigade took from Moscow in 1943
to its participation in the fall of Berlin in 1945.
Zaisan is a popular meeting point for school outings and graduation festivities.
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