, , .    , , .

English Russian

             

About Baikal Lake. Tour to Baikal lake. Baikal tour.

Tour to Baikal region. Irkutsk tour.

WELCOME TO BAIKAL REGION

ABOUT LAKE BAIKAL


If you are looking for a big impression for sure you should visit Baikal lake. Baikal lake is world's deepest lake. The waters of the lake are unusually clean. Our information will help you to know better Baikal lake and if you will choose one of our tours you will get unforgettable impression about Baikal lake.
 

Location

In southeastern Siberia, in the Republic of Buryatia and the Irkutsk region, Russia. See map of Baikal area.

Size

636 km long + 80 km wide (average: 48 km), and has 2100 km of coastline
It covers 31,500 km². The surface area of all the tributaries that feed lake Baikal is about 560,000 km²

Volume

It is the worlds greatest fresh water lake and makes approximately 20 percent of the world's surface fresh water and over 80 per cent of fresh water in the former Soviet Union. It's basin is made up of three underwater depressions, which together hold a volume of 23,600 cubic km of water

Age

It is the oldest lake in the world, about 25-30 million years old,

Depth

It is the worlds deepest lake. The deepest point in Lake Baikal is 1637m, the average depth being 630m, and it has an exceptional clarity which allows 40-50 m of visibility.

Climate

A long lasting winter and a very intensive summer mark the climate of this region. The Lake Baikal is at the beginning of January to the end of April frozen over. In the summer months of at the end of June to in the middle of Septembers prevails high-summer weather with temperatures up to 35 degrees Celsius with very dry air

Temperatures

Baikal's water is cold. Overall, the average temperature of the water is +4C, but varies like many micro climates depending on location and season. The surface temperature in August in the middle of the lake is about 8 to 10C and along the coastal line, 14 to 16C. Below the surface, the water temperature plunges. In August, at a depth of 50 meters, the temperature is about 5 to 6C, even in summertime. In Kultuk Bay, Chivyrkuysky Bay, Proval Bay, Peschanay Bay and the area called the Small Sea, temperatures climb to between 16 and 18C, and can reach a balmy 20-24C. The entire surface of the lake freezes over in the winter.

Best time
for tourists

At the end of June to in the middle of October is the best season, in addition, the winter has his own attraction. Who would like to celebrate Christmas time with cold weather and snow, a journey was most warmly recommended to the Lake Baikal in the winter. There are numerous offers for winter sportsmen of skiing, ice fishing and ice swimming to ice skating.

Rivers

More then three hundred rivers and streams flowing into Baikal , of which the six main ones are: Selenga, Chikoy, Khiloh, Uda, Barguzin, and the Upper Angara. Only one, the Angara, flows out from it.

Islands

There are a number of islands in the lake, the largest of which is Olkhon, 72 km long and more than 130 km² in area.

Animals

Lake Baikal is home to 1200 different species of animals, and 1000 species of plants. 80% of the species at Baikal are endemic.

There are 50 edible species of fish including salmon, sturgeon, greyling and omul. While locals use it in many of their favorite dishes, they also enjoy burbot, groundling, oil fish, and bullhead. Pike and perch are easy to catch and very popular. In addition, grayling and omul are highly recommended
 

The most unique animal at Baikal is the freshwater seal Phoca siberica, known as the nerpa, which is also the only mammal which inhabits the lake. Scientists believe that the seals are from the tertiary fauna, migrated inland gradually in search for food, and have been breeding at Baikal for 22 million years. There have been years when scientists have counted nearly one hundred thousand nerpa in and around the lake. Valued for their soft, warm pelts and fat, the seals have been hunted for thousands of years. Archeologists have discovered seal hunting weapons in the cave homes of early seal hunters.

Particularity

Baikal's water, long famous for its spiritual and medicinal qualities, is called "living water." Unlike all other deep lakes of the world where the lower depths are dead, asphyxiated by hydrogen sulfide and other gases, Lake Baikal's deep waters are blanketed in fresh oxygen. It has only been in the past five years that scientists have discovered thermal springs beating up from the bottom of Baikal. The release of hot, oxygenated water from underwater vents mixed by two horizontal currents and by rising and falling vertical currents may explain why the water is alive with aquatic life. The small epishura zooplankton consume waterweeds, bacteria and other material which would cloud the water. These and other small crustaceans are largely responsible for the clarity of Baikal's waters.

PAGES OF THE PICTURE ALBUM
 
 

Best tours to Baikal

Shot tour in Irkutsk city.

Ethnotourism

Adventure tourism

Botanical expeditions

Baikal fishing tour

Krugo-Baikalskaya Railway

Baikal Winter tours

 

About Irkutsk

Irkutsk history

Sights of interest

Irkutsk suburbs

Museums

Hotels

Irkutsk pictures

 

About Baikal

Sights of interest

Listvianka

Olkhon islands

Accommodation in Baikal

Baikal pictures

 

Irkutsk hotels

- Angara ***

- Baikal Business Center ****

- Delta***

- Europe****

- Gloria

- Irkutsk ***

- Retro-1

- Retro-2

- Sun****

- Solnyshonok ***

- Zvezda***
 

Home stay in Irkutsk

 

Accommodation in Irkutsk region

Accommodation in Baikalsk

Accommodation in Port Baikal

Accommodation in Listvyanka

Accommodation in Olkhon islands and
 Maloe more (Olkhon region)

 

Russia in numbers and facts

Russians

Religious creeds in Russia

Folk craft

Stereotypes and symbols of Russia

 

Trip to St. Petersburg 

Trip to Moscow 

Trip to Golden Ring

 

General information, route, train,
       schedulers, train tickets

 

Trip to Yekaterinburg

What is Siberia?

Trip to Novosibirsk

Trip to Altay

Trip to Krasnoyarsk

Trip to Tuva Republik

Trip to Lake Baikal and Irkutsk

Trip to Buryat Republik

 

Trip to Khabarovsky Kray

Trip to Vladivostok

Trip to Sakhalin islands

Trip to Kuril islands

Trip to Kamchatka

 

Accommodation booking

- Hotel
- Home stay
 

Ticket booking

- Air ticket
- Train ticket
 

Russia visa support service
 

Other services

- Guide service
- Transfer

   

@Mail.ru
@Mail.ru

.