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Транссибирская железнодорожная магистраль (Транссиб). Общие сведения.

ТУРЫ ПО ГОРОДАМ РОССИИ

ТРАНССИБИРСКАЯ МАГИСТРАЛЬ

ТРАНССИБ. МАРШРУТ. ГОРОДА. ОСТАНОВКИ.


Транссибирская железная дорога считается самым длинным железнодорожным маршрутом в мире и занимает тринадцать лет, проходя через Уральские горы, простирается по хвойным лесам Сибири. Имея общую протяженность 9259 километров, он отправляется от Московского Ярославского вокзала, проходит через Казань, Екатеринбург, Новосибирск, Иркутск, Читу, Хабаровск и, наконец, достигает Владивостока. Процесс строительства Транссибирской магистрали чрезвычайно сложен, так как многие реки, озера, горы и суровый климат могут стать самой большой проблемой. Проектная скорость железной дороги составляет 80 километров в час, что занимает около семи дней и шести ночей от Москвы до Владивостока.
 

Транссибирская железнодорожная линия относится ко всему железнодорожному маршруту Москва-Владивосток, и есть две отдельные ветви Транссибирской железной дороги, одна - Трансмонгольская железнодорожная линия, а другая -Трансманьчжурская железнодорожная линия, соединяющая Пекин и Москву. Каждая отдельная железнодорожная линия имеет свои уникальные характеристики и очаровательные пейзажи на своем пути.
 

TRANS SIBERIAN RAILROAD FACTS
Length

9288.2 km (5772 miles) by the main passenger way. It's largest railway in the world. Beginning at Yaroslavsky terminus, Moscow - Vladivostok terminus. On January 1, 2001 is electrified on the Transsib 9019 km, or 97,1% of whole length of the railway (there was only one non-electrified section Guberovo - Ruzhino - Sibirtsevo on the Far East Division in length 270 km).
 

Beginning of
construction

31st May 1891 when Tsar Nicholas I laid the foundation stone near Vladivostok and the work began and continued for fourteen years until 1901, when the East Chinese section was completed linking Russia with China.
 

End of construction

18th October 1916, when the bridge across Amur river was finished near Khabarovsk. But it was only the end of the first section as others followed during the decades.
 

Main route

Moscow: Yaroslavskaya - Yaroslavl: Main - Danilov - Bui - Shar'ya - Kirov - Balezino - Perm'2 - Yekaterinenburg (Sverdlovsk) - Tyumen - Nazyvaevskaya - Omsk - Barabinsk - Novosibirsk: Main - Mariinsk - Achinsk1 - Krasnoyarsk - Ilanskaya - Taishet - Nishneudinsk - Zima - Irkutsk - Sludyanka1 - Ulan-Ude - Petrovskiy Zavod - Chita2 - Karymskaya - Chernyshevsk - Zabaikalskiy - Mogocha - Skovorodino - Belogorsk - Arkhara - Khabarovsk-1 - Vyazemskaya - Ruzhino -Ussuriysk - Vladivostok

Travel along the Trans-Siberian Railway is usually undertaken from west to east, though it is quite possible to go in the opposite.
 

Territories

The Transsib crosses territory of 20 regions of the Russian Federation (14 - oblasts, 3 - krai, 2 - autonomy republics and 1 - autonomy oblast): Moskovskaya, Vladimirskaya, Yaroslavskaya, Kostromskaya, Kirovskaya oblasts, Udmurtskaya republic, Permskaya, Sverdlovskaya, Tumenskaya, Omskaya, Novosibirskaya, Kemerovskaya oblasts, Krasnoyarskiy krai, Irkutskaya oblast, Buryatskaya republic, Chitinskaya, Amurskaya oblasts, Jewish autonomy oblast, Khabarovskiy krai and Primorskiy krai.
 

Cities

89 cities are located on the Transsib: 5 cities with the population over 1,000,000 peoples (Moscow, Perm, Yekaterinburg, Omsk, Novosibirsk), 9 cities with the population from 300,000 up 1,000,000 peoples (Yaroslavl, Kirov, Tyumen, Krasnoyarsk, Irkutsk, Ulan-Ude, Chita, Khabarovsk, Vladivostok) and 75 cities with the population less then 300,000 peoples.
 

Rivers

The Transsib crosses 16 large rivers: Volka, Vyatka, Kama , Tobol, Irtysh, Ob', Tom', Chulym, Yenisei, Oka, Selenga, Zeya, Bureya, Amur, Khor, Ussuri; and along the length of 220 km passes on the coast of Baikal lake and 39 km on the coast of Amursky Bay of Japanese Sea. Amur is the widest of them, nearly 2 km)
 

Other routes.

There is only one Transsiberian Railway but different routes are possible. The main route between Moscow and Vladivostok is usually taken by travelers.
 

The Trans Mongolian Line was built from 1940 to 1956 between Ulan-Ude at Lake Baikal's eastern shore and the Chinese capital Beijing. From Ulan-Ude the tracks go south, towards Mongolia, crossing the large Gobi dessert and finally ending up in Beijing, China. This route has a length of 7867 km (Moscow - Beijing). One speciality you should see is the changing of the chassis at the Chinese border because of different width of the tracks in China and Russia.
 

The Trans Manchurian Line which coincides with the Trans-Siberian as far as Tarskaya, a few hundred miles east of Baikal. From Tarskaya the Trans-Manchurian heads southeast into China near Zabaikalsk and makes its way down to Beijing. This route has a length of 9001 km (Moscow - Beijing).
 

The Baikal Amur Magistrale (BAM) was started in the 1930s and officially opened 1984 after decades od sporadic work. It started in Taishet and reaches the Pacific ocean northeast of Khabarovsk, at Sovetskaya Galan. The 3.843 km long BAM runs several hundred km north of and parallel to the Transiberian Raiway. Even today, the BAM is not complete as one tunnel still has to be finished. This route is hardly found in any of the travel agency brochures outside the CIS. The reason for this is that there is actually no train doing the entire track. You have actually to hop different trains and sometimes even take the bus.

Enjoy journey

Russia's Trans-Siberian Railway has long been an almost mythic experience. It is the longest continuous rail line on earth, each run clattering along in an epic journey of almost six thousand miles (or more then nine thousand kilometers) over one third of the globe. For most of its history, the Trans-Siberian journey has been an experience of almost continuous movement, seven days or more of unabated train travel through the vast expanse of Russia. A great part of the pleasure of such a trip is simply sitting back and watching the land go by. However, most travelers on the Trans-Siberian find that interaction with other passengers, both Russians and tourists, is what makes the trip an unforgettable experience. Today, with far fewer travel restrictions, it is possible to use the rail journey as the core of a more varied tour. Travelers can enjoy stopovers in many of the Russian cities and towns along the route, from the historic Volga port of Yaroslavl to Irkutsk and the scenic Lake Baikal region. The Transsib pass through territory of two continents: Europe (0 - 1777 km) and Asia (1778 - 9289 km). On Europe contain 19,1% of lengths of the Transsib; on Asia, accordingly - 80,9%. Stome memorial "Border Europe - Asia" is placed on the 1777/1778 km near Pervouralsk city.

СТРАНИЦЫ ФОТОАЛЬБОМА
Транссибирская железнодорожная магистраль (Транссиб).

Транссибирская железнодорожная магистраль (Транссиб).

Транссибирская железнодорожная магистраль (Транссиб).

Транссибирская железнодорожная магистраль (Транссиб).

Транссибирская железнодорожная магистраль (Транссиб).

Транссибирская железнодорожная магистраль (Транссиб).

Транссибирская железнодорожная магистраль (Транссиб).

Транссибирская железнодорожная магистраль (Транссиб).

 

 
 

 

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